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[UPSC] Union Government of India, Complete Notes and Top MCQs

This section deals with Union Government of India. At the end, you will get some top MCQs on the topic. However, Before solving those MCQs on central Govt, Let’s revise the topic first to perform better in this quiz test.

There is a parliamentary form of govt in India, both at centre as well as in states. Articles 74 and 75 deal with parliamentary form of govt at the centre where as articles 163 and 164 deal with the parliamentary form of govt in the states.

There are two forms of governments, which are;

  1. Presidential form of govt: here the executive is not responsible to the legislature for it’s policies and acts and is constitutionally independent of the legislature in terms of its term of office.
  2. Parliamentary form of govt: here the executive is responsible to legislature for its policies and acts.

The main differences between the two are given below:

Features of parliamentary systemFeatures of presidential system
1. Dual executive1. Single executive
2. Majority party rule2. No such thing
3. Collective responsibility3. Non responsibility
4. Political homogeneity4. Political homogeneity may not exist
5. Double membership5. Single membership
6. Leadesrhip of PM6. Leadership of President
7. Dissolution of Lower house7. No dissolution
8. No separation of powers8. Separation of powers

India’s founding fathers preferred the parliamentary form of government because:

  1. Indians were already somehow familiar with this form of government.
  2. they wanted to infuse more responsibility in the government.
  3. they wanted to avoid conflicts between the legislature and the executive as may happen in presidential form of government.
  4. this form of govt was suitable for the most heterogenous and the most complex Indian society.

Best GK MCQs On Union Government

Time to solve These Best MCQs On Union Government of India


Which of the following is not the feature of a parliamentary form of government?

  1. majority party rule
  2. prime minister is the de-jure executive
  3. collective responsibility
  1. only 2
  2. only 2 and 3
  3. only 3
  4. All of them

Only 2

Which articles deal with the parliamentary form of government at the center?

  1. articles 74 and 75
  2. articles 163 and 164
  3. articles 55 and 56
  4. articles 98 and 99

articles 74 and 75

Which of the following features is considered as the bedrock of parliamentary form of govt?

  1. collective responsibility
  2. dissolution of the lower house
  3. leadeship of the prime minister
  4. majority party rule

Collective Responsibility

Dual executive is a feature of ?

  1. parliamentary form of government
  2. presidential form of government
  3. both
  4. none

Parliamentary form of govt

The system of government in which the powers are divided between the central govt and the regional governments and both operate within their respective jurisdictions independently, is called?

  1. federal form of government
  2. unitary form of government
  3. quasi federal form of government
  4. none

Federal form of government

Indian polity is considered as ?

  1. federal in nature
  2. quasi federal in nature
  3. unitary in nature
  4. a govt with weak centre

Quasi Federal in Nature

which of the following is/are true about Indian system of government?

  1. it is a federation with a strong centre
  2. it has dual executive
  3. president and his secretaries are not responsible to the congress for their acts
  1. only 1 and 2
  2. only 1 and 3
  3. only 2 and 3
  4. all of them

Only 1 and 2

Which of the following is true for parliamentary form of govt?

  1. it provides a stable government
  2. it has definiteness in policies
  3. it is against the separation of powers
  1. all of them
  2. only 1 and 3
  3. only 2 and 3
  4. only 3

Only 3

Which of the following is a feature of presidential form of government?

  1. stable government
  2. conflict between legislature and executive
  3. non responsible government
  1. all of them
  2. only 1 and 2
  3. only 2 and 3
  4. only 3

All of them

Which of the following is true?

  1. In India a person who is not a member of the parliament can be appointed as a minister.
  2. in India, the prime minister should definitely be a member of the lower house.
  1. both
  2. Only 1
  3. Only 2
  4. None

Only 1

What is Kitchen Cabinet?

  1. An alternate set of ministers kept as a substitute in case of decease or resignation by any cabinet minister,
  2. it is an advisory body comprising of adminstrative secretaries in a presedential form of govt
  3. it is an advisory body comprising of adminstrative secretaries in a parliamentary form of govt
  4. it is a small cabinet inside a cabinet comprising of home minister, finance minister and prime minister only

it is an advisory body comprising of adminstrative secretaries in a presedential form of govt

Which of the following is a feature of the federal form of government?

  1. Single government
  2. written constitution
  3. division of powers
  1. all of them
  2. only 2 and 3
  3. only 1 and 2
  4. only 1

Only 2 and 3

The Indian federation resembles with?

  1. American federation
  2. Canadian federation
  3. Swiss system
  4. none

Canadian federation

Which of the following is true about Indian federation?

  1. article 1 calls India “a federation of states”
  2. the states in India have no right to secede from the federation
  3. it follows american federal model.
  1. all of them
  2. only 2
  3. only 2 and 3
  4. only 3

Only 2

Which of the following is a unitary feature of Indian constitution?

  1. indestructible states
  2. dual polity
  3. division of powers
  4. bicameralism

Indestructible States

Which of the following violates the federal notion of Indian constitution?

  1. All India Services
  2. Emergency provisions
  3. appointment of governor
  4. Rigid constitution
  1. all of them
  2. only 1,2 and 3
  3. only 2, 3 and 4
  4. only 2 and 4

only 1,2 and 3

What is Shadow cabinet?

  1. It is an alternative term used for the Council of ministers in the Parliamentary form of government.
  2. An alternate set of ministers kept as a substitute in case of decease or resignation by any cabinet minister,
  3. It refers to the opposition party which aim at balancing the ruling cabinet
  4. it is a body of adminstrative secretaries that work behind the curtains for the government

It refers to the opposition party which aim at balancing the ruling cabinet

In which of the following cases did supreme court opine that our constitution is federal and that federalism is its basic feature.

  1. Bommai case
  2. Kesavnanda case
  3. LIC india case
  4. Minerva Mills case

Bommai case

In the parliamentary form of Government, the members of the Council of Ministers are collectively responsible to:

  1. The Head of State
  2. The Chairman of the Upper House and the Speaker of the Lower House
  3. The Lower House of the Parliament
  4. The Prime Minister

The Lower House of the Parliament

  1. Written Constitution
  2. Flexible Constitution
  3. Supremacy of the Constitution
  4. Independent Judiciary
  1. all of them
  2. only 2
  3. only 1 and 2
  4. only 2, 3 and 4

Only 2

India has a _______ form of government?

  1. presidential
  2. parliamentary
  3. mixed
  4. none

Parliamentary

The parliamentary form of government is also known as?

  1. cabinet government
  2. responsible government
  3. westminster model of government
  1. all of them
  2. only 1 and 2
  3. only 2 and 3
  4. only 1 and 3

all of them

Who called Parliamentary form of govt as the “cabinet system” of government?

  1. Ivor Jennings
  2. Granville Austin
  3. A V Dicey
  4. none

Ivor Jennings


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Also Check: President of India, All Details & Top MCQs

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