Rivers and lakes of Jammu Kashmir (JK), All Details and Top MCQs

JKSSB keeps on asking questions about the geography of Jammu and Kashmir. JK Geography is therefore very important from examination point of view. It comprises of almost 10% of the total marks in every JKSSB exam. It is due to this reason, that we have prepared this article for you.

This post contains many MCQs on rivers and lakes of Jammu and Kashmir for competitive exams. However, before solving them, we advise you to revise the topic first. In case you don’t want to revise the topic, you can simply jump to the MCQs portion.

Also Check: Folk Dances Of Jammu Kashmir

Rivers Of Jammu Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir is blessed with huge water resources. It is a home of many rivers which originate from Himalayan ranges and then flow through the state. These rivers can be divided into two main categories viz Rivers of Kashmir Region and Rivers of Jammu Region.

Rivers Of Jammu Region Of Jammu Kashmir


  • The older/ancient name of the Chenab river is Asikni.
  • It originates from Baralacha La pass in Lahaul and Spiti region of the of Himachal Pradesh.
  • It has two head streams namely, the Chandra and Bhaga and hence Chenab is also known as Chandrabhaga.
  • Total length of Chenab is about 960 km long and in Jammu Kahmir It covers the length of 504 km.
  • It drains the Eastern section of the Southern slope of Pir Panjal.
  • It enters into Jammu and Kashmir near Paddar (very famous for Sapphire reserves in J&K) at Kishtwar and flows through Doda, Ramban, Reasi and Akhnoor districts.
  • It leaves Jammu and Kashmir at Akhnoor district and enters Sialkot district of Pakistan and ultimately joins Indus. It is hence a tributary of Indus.
  • Important Hydro electric power projects on Chenab are Salal, Dalhasti, Rattle , Sawalkot, and Baghilar. It can be remembered as SBRDS.

Marsudar River

  • Its origin is in Lahaul valley of Himachal Pradesh.
  • It is formed by two head streams Batkot and Gumbar which merge to form Warwan river.
  • Warwan river is known as the Marusudar in lower regions.
  • The Marusudar river is oriented almost in the North to South direction and its catchment area is more or less fan shaped.
  • Important hydro electric power project on Marsudar river is Pakal Dul power project (1000MW) in Kishtwar district.

Tawi River

  • This river originates from Kailash Kund glacier located in Bhadarwah of Doda district ( Jammu).
  • It flows through the Chenani town of Udhampur and Jammu and then joins the Chenab river in Sialkot district of Pakistan.
  • It is a left bank tributary of Chenab.
  • Jammu city and Amar Mahal are located on its banks.
  • Important hydro electric power projects on Tavi river is Chenani hydro power plant.

Ravi River

  • The ancient names of Ravi river are Iravati and Parusni.
  • It rises from Himalayas at Bara Bhangal near Rohtang pass in the state of Himachal Pradesh. Its source is very close to the source of Beas River.
  • Its total length is about 725 km long.
  • The river passes through two important mountain ranges namely, Pir Panjal and Dhauladhar (part of middle Himalayas) on its South and North, respectively.
  • In Punjab, it runs along the Indo-Pak border.
  • Important tributaries of Ravi river are Budhil, Naior Dhona, Seul and Siawa.

Ujh River

  1. It rises from Domal structure of Seojdhar range in Middle Himalayas and runs for 65 km in the UT.
  2. Its important tributaries are Naaz and Bhini Nala and it is itself a tributary of Ravi River.
  3. Ujh multipurpose project in Kathua district is on this river. This Project is expected to fast track utilization of India’s rights under Indus Waters Treaty.

Rivers Of Kashmir Region Of Jammu Kashmir

Jehlum River

  • The ancient name of Jhelum river is Vitasta in Sanskrit.
  • It is also known as Hydaspes in Greek and Behat in Persian.
  • Battle of Hydaspes between Alexander and Porus was fought on its banks.
  • It is the main waterway in the Kashmir valley where it is also known as Vyath.
  • It rises from a spring in Verinag area of Anantnag district and covers a length of 725 km (177km in Kashmir).
  • Srinagar is situated on its banks and it is known as life line of Srinagar and Life line of Kashmir.
  • It is navigable between Khanabal and Baramulla, below which its flow becomes turbulent.
  • The region between Jehlum and Chenab is called JeCh Doab. (Je from Jehlum and Ch from Chenab, and Doab means two waters/rivers).
  • It feeds Wullar lake, the largest fresh water lake of Jammu KAshmir.
  • Important hydel power projects located on this river are Ganderbal, Lower Jhelum, Upper Sindh, Uri-I and Kishanganga, etc.
  • Mangla Dam, which is one of the world’s largest earth-fill dams is on this river.
  • It has about 24 tributaries. Sindh, Erin, Madhumati, Ramsho, Sandran, Lidder, Pohru, Vishow, Rambaira, and Kishanganga etc are important tributaries of Jehlum.
  • Jhelum River receives the Kishanganga River at Muzaffarabad. Kishanganga is also known as Neelum river.
  • It is a tributary of Chenab, which is itself a tributary of Indus.

Lidder River

  • It flows through the world famous tourist site Pahalgam.
  • This river originates from the Kolahoi glacier in the North-Western Himalayan range near Sonamarg about 26 km North from Pahalgam in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • It flows through the Lidderwatt meadow in Aru region, and hence the name Lidder.
  • It is the second major tributary of river Jhelum and meets it in North of Anantnag town.
  • In Pahalgam, it is met by another stream called Lidder East originating from Sheshnag Lake.

Best MCQs On Rivers And Lakes Of Jammu And Kashmir | Quiz on rivers of JK

In the forthcoming section you will get some important questions on rivers and lakes of Jammu Kashmir. We are sure that you will find them very useful for exams conducted by JKSSB and JKPSC.

Neelum river is another name of:

  1. Shyok river
  2. Kishanganga river
  3. Veshaw river
  4. Tavi river

Kishanganga river

The Erin, Madhumati, Ramsho and Ferozpur are the tributaries of: (JKPSC ARCS 2021)

  1. Ravi river
  2. Chenab river
  3. Tawi River
  4. Jehlum River

Jehlum river

In Tibet, Indus river is known as;

  1. SIngee Khamban
  2. Tsangpo
  3. Langqen Khamban
  4. Sutudri

Singee Khamban

Uri is situated on the banks of which river? (JKSSB 2022)

  1. Jehlum
  2. Indus
  3. Lidder
  4. Chenab


Which of the following rivers is also known as Hydaspes? (JKSSB 2022)

  1. Jehlum
  2. Indus
  3. Ravi
  4. Chenab

Jehlum. BAttle of Hydaspes was fought between Alexander and Porus in 326 BCE on the banks of river Jehlum

What is the source of Tavi river? (JKSSB 2022)

  1. Mansarovar lake
  2. Bhara Shigri glacier
  3. Kailash Kund glacier
  4. Thajwas glacier

Kailash Kund glacier

Jech Doab is formed by:

  1. Tavi and Ravi
  2. Beas and Chenab
  3. Lidder and Jehlum
  4. Chenab and Jehlum

Chenab and Jehlum, Je from Jehlum and Ch from Chenab, and together they form Jech Doab.

Amar Mahal is situated on the banks of; (JKSSB 2014)

  1. Tavi river
  2. Ravi
  3. Beas
  4. Chenab

Tavi River

Beas joins Satluj near:

  1. Mithankot
  2. Harike
  3. Uch
  4. Kangra


Panjnad is formed by:

  1. Sutlej, Beās, Rāvi, Jhelum, and Chenāb
  2. Sutlej, Tavi, Rāvi, Jhelum, and Chenāb
  3. Sutlej, Beās, Rāvi, Indus, and Chenāb
  4. Lidder, Beās, Rāvi, Jhelum, and Chenāb

Sutlej, Beās, Rāvi, Jhelum, and Chenāb

Zanskar is a tributary of:

  1. Indus river
  2. Beas
  3. Satluj
  4. Chenab

Indus river

Which one is not the name of River Jehlum?

  1. Vitasta
  2. Hydaspes
  3. Vyeth
  4. Parushni


The main water way of Kashmir Valley is:

  1. Jehlum
  2. Indus
  3. Lidder
  4. Chenab


The two head streams of River Chenab are: (JKSSB 2014)

  1. Alaknanda and Bhagirathi
  2. Chandra and Mandakini
  3. Mandakini and Bhaga
  4. Chandra and Bhaga

Chandra and Bhaga

Chenab is a tributary of:

  1. Ganga
  2. Indus
  3. Brahamputra
  4. Kaveri


The river that originates from Verinag in Jammu & Kashmir and passes through Wular Lake in Kashmir Valley is ?

  1. Jehlum
  2. Romshu
  3. Lidder
  4. Chenab


Veshaw is a tributary of; (JKSSB 2014)

  1. Indus
  2. Lidder
  3. Chenab
  4. Jehlum


Kishanganga is a tributary of: (JKSSB 2022)

  1. Indus
  2. Lidder
  3. Chenab
  4. Jehlum


Kazinag national park is situated on the banks of: (JKSSB 2022)

  1. Shyok river
  2. Kishanganga river
  3. Veshaw river
  4. Lidder river

Kishanganga river

With reference to the Indus river system, of the following four rivers, three of them pour into one of them which joins the Indus direct. Among the following which is one is such river that joins the Indus direct? (IAS 2021)

  1. Chenab
  2. Jehlum
  3. Ravi
  4. Satluj


Tarsar Lake is in which district of Jammu and Kashmir?

  1. Anantnag
  2. Pulwama
  3. Srinagar
  4. Ganderbal

Pulwama, The Tarsar and Marsar lakes are the two most significant lakes of Pulwama District.

Which of the following statements is not true about Dal Lake?

  1. It is an oxbow lake
  2. It is famous for floating gardens called Radh
  3. It is known as Srinagar’s Jewel.
  4. It has a small island called Zaina Lank.

It has a small island called Zaina Lank. Zaina Lank is in Wullar lake. The islands found in Dal lake are Sona Lank and Rup Lank (Char Chinari).

The largest fresh water lake in Jammu Kashmir is?

  1. Mansar Lake
  2. Dal Lake
  3. Wullar Lake
  4. Aanchar lake

Wullar Lake

Sheshnag Shrine is situated on the banks of:

  1. Dal Lake
  2. Wullar Lake
  3. Aanchar lake
  4. Mansar Lake

Mansar Lake

Naaz and Bhini Nala are the tributaries of:

  1. Ravi river
  2. Beas river
  3. Sindh river
  4. Ujh river

Ujh river

The ancient name of Chenab river is:

  1. Asikini
  2. Parushini
  3. Vipasa
  4. Satadru


Which lake is also known as “Chota Kashi”?

  1. Gangabal Lake
  2. Purmandal Lake
  3. Mansar Lake
  4. Sanasar Lake

Purmandal lake. Purmandal Lake is in Samba District of JAmmu KAshmir. It is on the banks of Devika River. It is a famous hindu pilgrimage site and is also known as Chota Kashi

Purmandal Lake is in:

  1. Kathua district
  2. Samba district
  3. Reasi district
  4. Ganderbal district

Samba district. Purmandal Lake is in Samba District of JAmmu KAshmir. It is on the banks of Devika River. It is a famous hindu pilgrimage site and is also known as Chota Kashi

Which of the following statements is not correct about Wullar lake?

  1. It is an impact crater lake.
  2. It is a Ramsar site.
  3. It is fed by river Jehlum
  4. It is an oxbow lake.

“It is an impact crater lake” is not correct about Wullar lake. Impact crater lake is a lake that is formed in a depression caused by the impact of a meteor. An example of impact crater lake in India is Lonar lake in Maharashtra

Tulbul Project is at the mouth of:

  1. Wullar lake
  2. Dal lake
  3. Mansar Lake
  4. Aanchar Lake

Wullar lake. It is a navigation lock-cum-control structure set up at the mouth of Wullar Lake

Which lake was known as MahapadmaSar in ancient times? (JKSSB 2016)

  1. Dal lake
  2. Mansar Lake
  3. Wullar Lake
  4. Aanchar Lake

Wullar Lake

The island in Wullar lake is known as: (Jkssb 2014)

  1. Rup Lank
  2. Zaina Lank
  3. SOna Lank
  4. Majoli Lank

Zaina Lank

Which lake is the main source of water to Srinagar city? (jkssb 2016)

  1. Harwan LAke
  2. Dal LAke
  3. Nigeen Lake
  4. Marsar Lake

Harwan lake

SharabKul Canal takes its water from: (JKSSB 2022)

  1. Dal lake
  2. Harwan lake
  3. Aanchar lake
  4. Gangabal Lake

HArwan Lake

KounserNag Lake is in:

  1. Anantnag district
  2. Shopian district
  3. Pulwama district
  4. Kulgam district

Kulgam district

Which lake was worshipped as Vishnupad by Hindus?

  1. Kousarnag
  2. Gangabal
  3. Wullar
  4. Mansbal

Kousarnag. Nilmat purana refers to Kounsarnag as Kramasara. Kram means Footsteps and Sar means Lake. So kousarnag has been worshipped as Vishnupad (Vishnu’s Feet)

Which lake is found enroute to Shri Amarnath Cave? (JKSSB 2015)

  1. Sheshnag
  2. Neelnag
  3. Marsar
  4. Gangabal


Which wetland is the largest bird reserve in Kashmir?

  1. Aanchar
  2. Hokersar
  3. Mansbal
  4. Wullar


Which lake is called Kramasara in Nilmat Purana?

  1. Kousarnag
  2. Gangabal
  3. Wullar
  4. Mansbal

Kousarnag. Kram means Footsteps and Sar means Lake. So kousarnag has been worshipped as Vishnupad (Vishnu’s Feet)

River also known as Behat in Persian is?

  1. Jehlum
  2. Chenab
  3. Lidder
  4. Tawi


Sange-Safed and Yachera are two head-streams of:

  1. Lidder River
  2. Marsudar River
  3. Dhoodh Ganga River
  4. Kishan Ganga River

Dhoodh Ganga River

Sange-safed is in which district of Jammu Kashmir? JKSSB 2022

  1. Baramulla
  2. Budgam
  3. Anantnag
  4. Srinagar

Budgam. Sang-e-Safed, or White Rocks as it is referred to, is located at a distance of about 10 kilometres from the Yusmarg Valley in the Budgam District of Jammu and Kashmir. This is an oval-shaped meadow bisected at the centre by a small tributary of the Doodh Ganga.

Also check: Biodiversity, All Details and Top MCQs

Also Check: MCQs on culture and heritage of Jammu Kashmir

These were some important MCQs on Rivers and Lakes of Jammu and Kashmir. If you found them useful, kindly share them with your friends and other aspirants.

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