Revolt of 1857, All Details & Top MCQs, Indian History MCQs

This section contains many important MCQs on revolt of 1857. Solve these MCQs to check and enhance your level of preparation for competitive exams.

Revolt of 1857 MCQs

The revolt of 1857 has a very huge significance in the history of India. It marks the water shed that kickstarted the Indian freedom struggle against the Britishers.

The British historians call it the “sepoy mutiny” and it is also known as the Indian Mutiny, the Great Rebellion, the Revolt of 1857, the Indian Insurrection, and the First War of Independence.

Causes of Revolt of 1857

The causes behind the revolt of 1857 can be divided into two categories.

Immediate Causes

The introduction of Enfield greased rifles whose cartridges were said to have a greased cover made of beef & pork sparked off the revolt.

It infuriated both Hindu & Muslim soldiers & resulted in immediate launch of movement.

Other Underlying Causes:

1. Economic Causes

  1. The British implemented economic policies that hurt the traditional economy of the country.
  2. The heavy taxation under the new revenue settlement systems had burdened the peasants.
  3. Moreover, the annexation of Indian states by the British resulted in the loss of patronage for many artisans and craftsmen, further exacerbating the economic downturn.
  4. Destruction of traditional and desi industries due to free Trade and refusal to impose protective duties against machine-made goods from Britain. It led to economic distress.
  5. Forefeiture of land rights of zamindars, reduced them to penury and without any source of income.

2. Political Causes

  1. Denial of some special rights to Mughal rulers led to their loss of reputation.
  2. The policies like Doctrine of Lapse and the Subsidiary Alliance were seen as an insult to injury.

3. Administrative Causes

  1. High level of corruption in the Company’s administration bred distrust and dissatisfaction among general masses.

4. Socio Religious Causes

  1. Racial arrogance and a superiority complex characterised the British administrative attitude towards the native Indian population.
  2. The activities of christian missionaries were seen as a threat to religion and traditional way of life.
  3. The abolition of Sati, support for widow remarriage, Religious Disabilities Act of 1856 etc, were also seen as an interference in the religious affairs of locals.

The news about the presence of pork and beef in cartridges, along with the simmering discontent among the Indians sparked the violent storm of 1857.

The revolt began at Meerut on May 10, 1857 with Indian sepoys (soldiers) of the British East India Company in Meerut refusing to use the new rifle cartridges. They started marching towards Delhi.

On May 30, 1857, the British forces under General Archdale Wilson laid seige around Delhi. It resulted in a long battel between the two parties.

The revolt soon gained momentum and quickly spread to Punjab in the north and the Narmada in the south to Bihar in the east and Rajputana in the west.

On May 1, 1857, the sepoys declared Bahadur Shah Zafar II as their leader.

On June 8, 1857, Siege of Lucknow begins as rebels, led by Begum Hazrat Mahal and Nana Sahib, hold their ground against British forces led by Sir Henry Lawrence. The rebels successfully defend parts of the city, leading to a prolonged and brutal siege that lasts for months.

On June 27, 1857, massacare of British women and children held captive by rebels under Nana Saheb takes place at Kanpur.

In June 1858, Rani Lakshmi Bai dies in the Battle of Gwalior while fighting with British troops.

On July 8, 1858, Tantia Tope gets arrested. It was a major blow to the rebel forces.

In July 1858, British declare the revolt as officially over.

Leaders & Location

The leaders of revolt of 1857 and their areas of occupation are tabulated below:

LeadersLocations
Mangal PandeyBarrackpore, West Bengal
Rani LakshmibaiJhansi, Uttar Pradesh
Bahadur Shah IlDelhi
Kunwar SinghBihar
Nana SahibKanpur, Uttar Pradesh
Tantia TopeCentral India (Narmada region)
Bakht KhanDelhi, Awadh
Khan Bahadur KhanRohilkhand region
Begum Hazrat MahalAwadh
Azimullah KhanLucknow
Maulvi Ahmadullah ShahFaizabad
Birjis QadirLucknow
Bakshi JagabandhuOdisha
Kunwar SinghBihar, Utar Pradesh
Ahmadullah ShahFaizabad

Mangal Pandey incident took place at:

(A) Meerut (B) Barrackpore
(C) Ambala (D) Lucknow

Barrackpore


Revolt of 1857 was labelled as a conspiracy by:

(A) Sir James Outram and W taylor
(B) Sir John K
(C) Sir John Lawrence
(D) T R Homes

Sir James Outram and W taylor


The personality who was not associated with the Revolt of 1857 is:

(A) Tatya Tope
(B) Rani Lakshmi Bai
(C)Bahadur Shah Zafar
(D) Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh


Which of the following poets witnessed the Revolt of 1857?

(A) Mir Taqi Mir
(B) Ghalib
(C) Zauq
(D) Iqbal

Ghalib


The immediate cause of India’s first war of independence was

(A) Doctrine of Lapse by Lord Dalhousie
(B) Suspicion about British interfe-rence in religion
(C) Military discontent
(D) Economic exploitation of India

Suspicion about British interfe-rence in religion


The educated middle class in India:

(A) opposed the revolt of 1857
(B) supported the revolt of 1857
(C) remained neutral to the revolt of 1857
(D) fought against native rulers

remained neutral to the revolt of 1857


When was the new Enfield Rifle with greased cartridges introduced in the British Indian Army?

(A) November, 1856
(B) December, 1856
(C) January, 1857
(D) February, 1857

December, 1856


With which uprising is Mangal Pandey associated?

(A) Barrackpore (B) Meerut
(C) Delhi (D) None of these

Barrackpore


Which one of the following conceptions is true about the Revolt of 1857?

(A) Indian historians have descri-bed it as an Indian mutiny
(B) British historians have descri-bed it as a war of independence
(C) It gave a death blow to the system of East India Company’s rule in India
(D) It was for the improvement of the administrative machinery in India

It gave a death blow to the system of East India Company’s rule in India


Identify the correct match between the revolutionaries and their areas of operation vis-a-vis revolt of 1857.

RevolutionaryArea of operation
a. Nana Saheb1. Delhi
b. Nawab Hamid Ali Khan2. Kanpur
c. Maulvi Ahmadullah3. Lucknow
d. Mani Ram Diwan4. Assam

(A) a-1, b-2, c-4, d-3
(B) a-1, b-2, c-3, d-4
(C) a-2, b-1, c-4, d-3
(D) a-2, b-1, c-3, d-4

a-2, b-1, c-3, d-4


Who among the following was bestowed with the title of Saheb-e-Alam Bahadur by Bahadur Shah during the uprising of 1857?

(A) Azimullah (B) Birjis Qadir
(C) Bakht Khan (D) Hasan Khan

Bakht Khan


What was the main cause of 1857 revolt?

(A) Public Outrage
(B) Military discontent
(C) Management of Christian Missionaries
(D) Policy of British Empire

Policy of British Empire


The first war of Independence (1857) started from:

(A) Lucknow (B) Jhansi
(C) Meerut (D) Kanpur

Meerut


The first event relating to the war of Independence of 1857 was:

(A) Kanpur’s Revolt and taking over the leadership by Nana Saheb
(B) Begum Hazrat Mahal’s leadership of Oudh
(C) Marching of Sepoys to Delhi’s Red Fort
(D) Revolt by Rani of Jhansi

Marching of Sepoys to Delhi’s Red Fort


Symbol of 1857 independence struggle was:

(A) Lotus and Chapatis
(B) Eagle
(C) Scarf
(D) Two swords

Lotus and Chapatis


Which one of the following centres of the uprising of 1857 was recaptured by the English?

(A) Jhansi (B) Meerut
(C) Delhi (D) Kanpur

Delhi


The birthplace of Maharani Lakshmi Bai, the heroine of the 1857 freedom struggle, is:

(A) Agra (B) Jhansi
(C) Varanasi (D) Vrindaban

Varanasi


Who among the following was the leader of the revolt during1857 at Barielly?

(A) Khan Bahadur
(B) Kunwar Singh
(C) Maulvi Ahmad Shah
(D) Virzis Qadir

Khan Bahadur


Where is the Samadhi of Maharani Lakshmi Bai situated?

(A) Mandla (B) Mandu
(C) Jabalpur (D) Gwalior

Gwalior


Maharani Lakshmi Bai had combated in last battle against:

(A) Hugh Rose (B) Guff
(C) Niel (D) Havlock

Hugh Rose


The revolt of 1857 at Lucknow was led by:

(A) Begum of Awadh
(B) Tatya Tope
(C) Rani Lakshmi Bai
(D) Nana Saheb

Begum of Awadh


The main reason behind failure of revolt of 1857 was:

(A) Lack of Hindu Muslim Unity
(B) Lack of common strategy and central organisation
(C) Area of influence was limited
(D) Non participation of land lords.

Lack of common strategy and central organisation


The revolutionary woman who led the revolution of 1857 in Oudh was:

(A) Lakshmi Bai
(B) Ahilya Bai
(C) Aruna Asaf Ali
(D) Begum Hazrat Mahal

Begum Hazrat Mahal


The largest number of soldiers participated in the struggle of 1857 came from

(A) Bengal (B) Awadh
(C) Bihar (D) Rajasthan

Awadh


Who amongst the following was the leader of the 1857 uprising at Allahabad?

(A) Nana Saheb
(B) Azimullah
(C) Tatya Tope
(D) Maulvi Liyaqat Ali

Maulvi Liyaqat Khan


Ram Chandra Pandurang was the real name of:

(A) Nana Saheb
(B) Kunwar Singh
(C) Tatya Tope
(D) Mangal Pandey

Tatya Tope


The Governor General of India during revolt of 1857 was:

(A) Lord Dalhousie
(B) Lord Minto
(C) Lord Canning
(D) Lord Lyton

Lord Canning


The British Prime Minister during the revolt of 1857 was:

(A) Churchil
(B) Palmerston
(C) Attlee
(D) Gladstone

Palmerston


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