[2023] MCQs On Flora And Fauna Of Jammu Kashmir, JKSSB MCQs

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Flora and Fauna of Jammu Kashmir is one of the most important topics for exams conducted by JKSSB and JKPSC. In this section, you will get various Multiple Choice Questions related to the topic. Before you set out to solve them, check and enhance your level of preparation for competitive exams, check the IUCN status of the animals of JK first.

IUCN Status Of Animals Found In Jammu Kashmir

The IUCN status of various animals found in Jammu and Kashmir is given below.

Critically Endangered Animals Of Jammu Kashmir

  • Hangul.
  • Himalayan brown bear.

Near Threatened Animals Of Jammu Kashmir

  • Black Necked Crane.
  • Markhoor.
  • Goral.
  • Himalayan Tahr.
  • Chiru (Tibetan Antelope).

Least Concern Animals Of Jammu Kashmir

  • Himalayan Ibex.
  • Spotted deer.
  • Barking deer.
  • Khalij Pheasant (State Bird of JK UT).

Vulnerable Animals Of Jammu Kashmir

  • Snow Leopard.
  • Common leopard.
  • Wild Yalk.
  • Black bear.
  • Cheer pheasant.

Chinar

  1. Chinar is a persian word meaning “on fire”. It is because in autumn, its leaves turn red, which make it look like as if it is on fire.
  2. Locally known as“ BOOUNE”
  3. it is  “KING OF TREES” In Kashmir.
  4. Naseem Bagh in Srinagar is famous for Chinar.
  5. Scientific name of Chinar is Plantanus Orientalis.
  6. It is a deciduous trees. 

Deodhar

  1. Scientific name – Cedrus Deodara. 
  2. It is a large evergreen tree reaching to a height of 40 – 50 m.
  3. Its leaves are needle like mostly 2.5 to 5 cm
  4. it derives from Sanskrit term “devadaru” which means “woods of the gods”.
  5. Its wood is in great demand as building material because of its durability and rot – resistant character.
  6. It is a ideal wood for constructing house boat in Srinagar

Hangul

  1. Scientific name – Cervus Elaphus Hanglu. 
  2. Known as Kashmiri Stag or Kashmiri Red Deer.
  3. Found in Dachigam National Park.
  4. IUCN status – Critically Endangered.
  5. Project Hangul was initiated in 1970.

Ibex

  1. IUCN status – Least Concern. 
  2. Scientific Name of Ibex is Capra Ibex. 
  3. Ibex are very nimble. They can Jump moret han 6 feet. 
  4. Sighted at kanji Wildlife Sanctuary And Hemis and Kishtwar National Park.
  5. Breeding Period for Ibex is known as Rut.

Markhor

  1. Scientific Name – Capra falconeri. 
  2. IUCN status -Critically Endangered. 
  3. National Animal of Pakistan. 
  4. It is known as Screw Horn or Screw Horned Goat.
  5. Pir Panjal Markhor is the largest wild goat in the world.
  6. Commonly sighted in Limber , Lachiporaand Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary. 

Black Necked Crane

  1. Scientific Name – Grus Antigone. 
  2. IUCN Status is vulnerable.
  3. Found in and remote parts of India. Tibetian plateau. 
  4. Regularly seen in Tso – Moriri Lake of Ladakh.
  5. it is also known as Tibetan Crane.

Also Check; Tourist Destinations of Jammu Kashmir


Quiz On Flora And Fauna Of Jammu Kashmir

Now, it is time to solve some important MCQs on the topic.


The state bird of J&K UT is:

  1. Khalij Pheasant
  2. Black Necked Crane
  3. White pigeon
  4. Peacock

Khalij Pheasant


What is the IUCN status of Hangul?

  1. Endangered
  2. Critically endangered
  3. Least concern
  4. Extinct

Critically endangered


Walnut trees do not allow any plants to grow under them because of a chemical known as:

  1. Juglone
  2. Acetic acid
  3. Acetone
  4. Phenol

Juglone


A substance known as Taxol, obtained from Taxus Wallichiana in J&K is used as:

  1. Anti Viral drug
  2. Anti Bacterial drug
  3. Anti Cancer Drug
  4. Anti Aids drug

Anti Cancer Drug


Which of the following is not true about Saffron?

  1. It is known as bahukam in ancient sanskrit literature.
  2. Its cultivation is known as Silver Zest in Indian agriculture.
  3. Kashmiri Saffron has obtained the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.
  4. None of the above.

“Its cultivation is known as Silver Zest in Indian agriculture” is a wrong statement. Its cultivation is known as Golden Zest.


Which among the following statements is not true about Chinar tree?

  1. Chinar is a persian word meaning “on fire”.
  2. Scientific name of Chinar is Plantanus Orientalis.
  3. It is also known as “King of trees” in Kashmir.
  4. It is an evergreen tree.

“it is an evergreen tree” is a wrong statement. It is a deciduous tree


Hangul lies in which of the following schedules of Wildlife Protection Act 1972

  1. Schedule 1
  2. Schedule 2
  3. Schedule 3
  4. Schedule 4

Schedule 1


Which among the following statements is correct about Himalayan Ibex?

  1. It is a separate species from Siberian Ibex.
  2. Its IUCN status is Critically endangered.
  3. It is a herbivore whose diet consists of alpine grasses and herbs.
  4. It is easily recognised by the curved horns and beards.

“Its IUCN status is Critically endangered” is a wrong statement. Its IUCN status is Least Concern


In Kashmiri language, Khalij Pheasant is known as:

  1. Wan Katij
  2. Wan Kokur
  3. Wan Batich
  4. Wan kotur

Wan Kokur


Which of the following animals is not found in Jammu Kashmir UT?

  1. Tiger
  2. Leopard
  3. Brown Bear
  4. Ibex

Tiger


Which of the following is not true about Markhor?

  1. It is the national animal of Pakistan.
  2. It is the world’s largest mountain goat .
  3. It is currently under threat because of poaching, overgrazing and insurgency in the region.
  4. Its IUCN status is critically endangered.

“its IUCN status is critically endangered” is a wrong statement. Its IUCN status is Near Threatened.


Which of the following is not true about Hangul?

  1. It is the Jammu Kashmir UT animal.
  2. It is the only surviving species of the Asiatic member of the red deer family.
  3. Of all the national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, It is mainly found in Dachigam natonal park.
  4. Its population shows very high fawn-female ratio.

“Its population shows very high fawn-female ratio” is a wrong statement. Hangul has very low fawn-female ratio and it is one of the important reasons behind its declining population apart from habitat fragmentation and predation.


Also Check: Folk dances of Jammu Kashmir.

Also check: Electricity & Magnetism notes.

Also Check: Our Environment Notes for competitive exams.

These were some important MCQs on flora and fauna of Jammu Kashmir (JK). We are sure that you will find them very useful for your exam preparation.

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