In this section, you will read about the fairs and festivals of Jammu and Kashmir.
Jammu and Kashmir is a very diverse union territory, both in terms of the ethnicities, climatic variations, landforms as well as the religious beliefs.
The people through out the UT celebrate a lot of fairs and festivals. Some of these festivals and fairs have a religious backing where as the others are celebrated for economic or other social purposes.
Fairs and festivals of Jammu and Kashmir (JK)
- Celebrated in Pahalgam on arrival of spring.
- it involves events like tonga rides, cultural songs, mudical events and art exhibition.
- It is celebrated in Pampore, ehich is famous for saffton cultivation.
- it involves exhibition of all activities related to saffron cultivation.
- It is held in the tulip season in Kashmir in March and April.
- It is an early spring festival.
Sudh Mahadev Festival
- It is a 3 day festival celebrated on the full moon night of Sawan (June-July).
- People visit the Sudh Mahadev shrine in Udhampur to worship the Trishul and the mace.
- It is held in October & November every year in Akhnoor region of Jammu.
- It is held to pay respect to a local farmer of Jhiri village, Baba Jitto, who sacrificed his life to secure the rights of the farmers.
- People also pay respect to Baba Jitto’s daughter “Bua Kori”, who is believed to have taken her life by jumping on her father’s funeral pyre.
- On this occasion, people also take a dip in the pond known as baba-da-talaab.
- It is held on the occasion of Maha Shivratri in Purmandel, Jammu.
- It is celebrated by Kashmiri pandits and is locally known as Herath.
- Kashmiri pandits distribute soaked walnuts to each household in their locality on this occasion.
- The pandits gather at Shankar Acharaya temple, Ganpatyar temple and Hanuman temple.
Mela Kheer Bhawani
- Kheer Bhawani is sometimes translated as “Milk Goddess”.
- It is held in the month of June in village Tulmula, in district
- The term Kheer refers to a milk and rice pudding that is offered to the goddess at the temple.
- This is mainly celebrated by the Kashmiri Pandits
- It is held twice a year, in March-April & in September-October during the Navratras.
- It is an important occasion in Jammu. It is held in the premises of the Bahu Fort which also houses the Mahakali temple.
Hemis Gumpa Festival
- It is an important festival of Ladakh, held to celebrate the birth anniversary of Guru Padmasambhava (Guru Rinpoche) who was the founder of Tibetan Buddhism.
- The famous mask dance of Ladakh is performed on this occasion.
- It is celebrated in Ladakh.
- It marks the Tibetan new year.
- It is held on 11th February
and continues for three days
- It is held in Leh to pay homage to the Indus river.
- It is held every year in June on the full moon day of Guru Purnima
- It is held every year in March-April.
- It is an important festival of Bhaderwah-Kishtwar region.
- Worship of Nagas takes place during this festival
- It is celebrated on 13th January mainly in Jammu region.
- It marks the end of winter season in Jammu
- It is celebrated on 13th-14th of April.
- It marks the beginning of the Spring season and also the tradition farming period.
- Baisakhi is also an important occasion for the Sikhs as it marks the Sikh new year and the laying of the Khalsa Panth.
Shiv Khori Festival
- It is celebrated at the holy cave shrine of Shri Shiv Khori in Ransoo area of Reasi district.
- It is celebrated on Shivratri day and thousands of pilgrims throng the shrine to seek blessings of lord Shiva.
- This is the first month of the Islamic Calender.
- The tenth day of Muharram
is observed as “Youm-al-Ashura”.
- It is celebrated as the first day of the Persian Calender.
So, these were the important fairs and festivals of Jammu and Kashmir. We are sure that you will find this post very useful for your exams.
Also Check: Folk dances of Jammu Kashmir.