Culture And Heritage Of Jammu Kashmir, All Details & Top MCQs

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This is a set of best MCQs on culture of Jammu Kashmir. Solve these MCQs on culture and heritage of Jammu Kashmir, if you are preparing for JKSSB and JKPSC exams.

Also Check: MCQs on flora and fauna of Jammu Kashmir

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Culture and Heritage of Jammu Kashmir

In this article, You will learn about the culture and heritage of Jammu Kashmir.

What is culture

Culture is a way of life. Art, music, literature, architecture, sculpture, philosophy, religion, customs, fairs & festivals, and science can be seen as aspects of culture.

The mains themes of culture, that we will study here are:

  1. People of J&K
  2. Art & handicrafts of J&K
  3. Fairs & festivals of J&K
  4. Folk dances of J&K
  5. Archaeological sites in J&K

Let’s study them one by one.

People of Jammu Kashmir

J&K has a unique demography and people here belong to a variety of races and cultures. The different linguistic & ethnic groups of J&K are:

1. Kashmiris

  1. they are inhabitants of Kashmir valley and its out skirts.
  2. they speak Kashmiri language.
  3. they comprise of Kashmiri muslims and Kashmiri pandits.
  4. their staple food is rice.

2. Dogras

  1. they are the inhabitants of plains of Jammu region and its outskirts.
  2. they speak Dogri language which is a mixture of Sanskrit, Punjabi & Persian.
  3. they are mostly hindus.

3. Paharis or Chibhalis

  1. they are the inhabitants of upper reaches of Kashmir valley and hilly ares of Jammu region.
  2. they speak Pahari/Chibhali language.
  3. they are mostly muslims.

4. Gujjars & Bakerwals

  1. they are pastoral in nature.
  2. they inhabit the upper reaches of Jammu Kashmir.

5. Dards and Shins

  1. They inhabit the Gurez valley.
  2. they are muslims.

6. Gaddi & Sippi

  1. they are Rajputs.
  2. they are traditionally shepherds.
  3. they inhabit the Kishtwar Bhaderwah region of Chenab valley.
  4. they follow hinduism.

Art & Handicraft of Jammu Kashmir

The arts and handicrafts of Jammu Kashmir are discussed below:

Shawl1. Kashmir is famous for Shawls.
2. Shawls include Pashmina Shawls, Sozni shawls and Raffal.
Carpets1. Kashmir is famous for hand knotted carpets and they have also received GI tag.
2. Carpet industry of Kashmir has its roots in Iran.
Kashidakari Embroidery1. Simple chain stitches involving floral patterns.
Aari embroidery1. Created in fine concentric rings of chain stitch using a long-hooked needle called the crewel.
2. The rings create an embossed effect to add richness to the textile.
Sozni1. They are do-rukhi shawls, having embroidery on both sides.
2. It has received a GI tag.
Namdas1. These are the carpets of felt.
2. They have coloured designs.
Pattu1. Pattu is a special kind of muffler made of sheep wool.
2. The traditional machine used to make Pattu is called Khatti.
Calico Printing1. Printing of cotton and silk cloth in different
designs and colours. 2. this industry is situated in Samba &
Papier-Mache1. Kashmir. paper and pulp are used in
production of various decoration items.
2. It has received the GI tag.
Wicker Willow1. Wicker Willow twigs are used to for making
designed baskets, chairs, tables, Kangris, lampshades.

Also Check: Fairs & Festivals of Jammu Kashmir.

Also Check: Folk dances of Jammu Kashmir

Also check: GI tagged products from Jammu Kashmir

Also Check: Archaeological sites in Jammu Kashmir

MCQs On Culture Of Jammu Kashmir

Kashmiri Hand Knotted Carpets are prepared through a special way of weaving known as:

  1. Taleem
  2. Tahzeeb
  3. Kitabat
  4. Kaad

Taleem. Taleem is a way of guiding the carpet knotters

Who is known as John Keats of Kashmir?

  1. Rusul Mir
  2. Mehmood Gami
  3. Sahib Kaul
  4. Paramananda Gharib

Rusul Mir

Kud Dance is performed in honour of:

  1. Kali Mata
  2. Kul Devta
  3. Lord Krishna
  4. Lord Vishnu

Kul Devta

Which of the following shawls is not protected by GI tag?

  1. Kani Shawl
  2. Pashmina Shawl
  3. Raffal Shawl
  4. Ring Shawl

Raffal shawl

Bhajan Sopori is associated with:

  1. Santoor
  2. Surahi
  3. Tabla
  4. Shehnai


What is Surma in Jk culture?

  1. It is a heroic ballad.
  2. It is a tale ballet singing form sung by a group of jogis.
  3. It is a song cum dance performed by the parents of the bride.
  4. It is a song cum dance revealing the frustration and melancholy of a newly married bride whose groom has gone to war.

It is a song cum dance revealing the frustration and melancholy of a newly married bride whose groom has gone to war.

Which one is not true about the Martand Sun Temple?

  1. It is located in Anantnag District of Jammu Kashmir.
  2. It was constructed by Lalitaditya Muktapida.
  3. It is also known as Pandou and is dedicated to Surya
  4. It was destroyed by Aurangzeb Alamgir

“It was destroyed by Aurangzeb Alamgir” is a wrong option. It was destroyed by Sultan Sikandar.

Shri Pratap Singh (SPS) Museum of Srinagar was established in:

  1. 1976
  2. 1985
  3. 1989
  4. 1981


Who is known as nightingale of Kashmir?

  1. Lala Ded
  2. Nighat Sahiba
  3. Rupa Bhawani
  4. Habba Khatoon

Habba Khatoon

Who is known as “Father of Dogri”?

  1. Dinu Bhai Pant
  2. Ram Nath Shastri
  3. Deen Bhandu Sharma
  4. Padma Sachdeva

Ram Nath Shastri

Who popularized “Lol” in Kashmiri poetry?

  1. Habba Khatoon
  2. Lal Ded
  3. Nund reshi
  4. Mahjoor

Habba Khatoon

Who is known as “Shayar-e-Kashmir”?

  1. Ab Ahad Zargar
  2. Mehmood Gami
  3. Rasool Mir
  4. Mahjoor


Who introduced Carpet Industry in Kashmir?

  1. Zainul Abideen
  2. Akbar
  3. Sultan Sikandar
  4. Aurangzeb Alamgir

Zainul Abideen

The concept of Kangri in Kashmir is inspired from:

  1. Russia
  2. Portugual
  3. Italy
  4. China


What is “Tweed”?

  1. It is a wool product.
  2. It is a silk product.
  3. It is a cotten product.
  4. It is a paper machie product.

It is a wool product

What is Khatamband?

  1. It is a type of Kashmiri embroidery work.
  2. It is a type of Kashmiri Wood work.
  3. It is a type of Kashmiri Wool.
  4. It is a type of Kashmiri cave paintings.

It is a type of Kashmiri Wood work

Which of the following dances is not performed in Jammu Kashmir?

  1. Rouf
  2. Wuegi Nachun
  3. Crow Dance
  4. Garba

Garba Dance. Garba Dance is performed In Gujrat

Which of the following dances is known as ‘Labour Dance”?

  1. Letri
  2. Gwatri
  3. Keekli
  4. Hikat

Letri. It is a dance of Jammu region, and is performed by the people who are invited to cut the grass

Which of the following is not true about ancient temples of Kashmir?

  1. Kashmiri temple architecture is different from the rest of India as most temples are square or oblong in design.
  2. Most of the them are made up of Limestone.
  3. There exist no traces of any windows or sky light in any of the known ancient temples of the Valley.
  4. The roofs of ancient Hindu temples of Kashmir are invariably pyramidal.
  5. None of them.

none of them. All the statements are correct for Ancient Kashmiri Temples.

The painting of Rasamanjari was painted by?

  1. Devidas
  2. Zainul Abideen
  3. Nainsukh
  4. Anand K Kumaraswamy


Kel goat is the main source of;

  1. Raffal Shawl
  2. Pashmina Shawl
  3. Kani Shawl
  4. Sozni Shawl

Pashmina Shawl

Martand Temple of Kashmir is dedicated to which god?

  1. Sun God
  2. Wind God
  3. Death God
  4. Birth God

Sun God

Kashmiri Shaivism is also known as:

  1. Trkia
  2. Spanda
  3. Pratiyabhijna
  4. All of the above

All of the above is the correct option

The first wooden bridge built at Srinagar is:

  1. Habbakadal
  2. Safakadal
  3. Zainakadal
  4. Zero bridge


Who built the Rajouri Fort at Dhanidhar Village?

  1. Raja Prithvi Paul
  2. Noor ud din
  3. Raja Jambu Lochan
  4. Mian Hathu

Mian Hathu

Ranbireshwar Temple devoted to Lord Shiva, was constructed by:

  1. Ranbir Singh
  2. Ranjit SIngh
  3. Gulab Singh
  4. Hari Singh

Ranbir Singh

Martand Sun Temple was built by:

  1. Maharaja Suryadev
  2. Lalitaditya Muktapida
  3. Avantivarman
  4. Gulab Singh

Lalitaditya Muktapida

Sharika Mata Temple is situated near which fort?

  1. Akhnoor Fort
  2. Bahu Fort
  3. Hari Parbat
  4. Basholi Fort

Hari Parbat

Shahadra Sharief is famous for the shrine of:

  1. Makhdoom Sahib
  2. AMir Kabir
  3. Sain Baba Miran
  4. Baba Ghulam Shah

Baba Ghulam Shah

The temple present inside the Bahu Fort is:

  1. Raghubath Temple
  2. Bawe Wali Mata Mahakali Temple
  3. Ranvireshwar Temple
  4. Sain Nath Temple

Bawe Wali Mata Mahakali Temple

Amar Mahal Was built for Amar Singh by a _____ architect.

  1. British
  2. German
  3. Dutch
  4. French


Also check: Dances of Jammu Kashmir, All Details and important MCQs

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