In this section, you will get class 11 “Introduction to the Tourism Industry” notes in pdf format. Tourism and hospitality has been introduced as a vocational subject by various states across India.
A. Multiple Choice Questions
1. Tourism is a ___________ phenomenon.
2. Tourism is a __________ and __________ movement of people from one place to another.
- Permanent, long-term
- Temporary, long-term
- Temporary, short-term
- Permanent, short-term
Answer: Temporary, short-term
3. Which of these is not a purpose of tourism?
4. Who is not a tourist?
- Visitor from some other location for a temporary visit.
- A person visiting friends or relatives.
- A person visiting for sight -seeing.
- A job seeker in another country.
Answer: A job seeker in another country
5. If Mr. Young from Korea travelled to India for a visit to Taj Mahal in Agra, then the origin would be___________ and the destination would be________?
- Agra, Korea
- Korea, Agra
- Korea, Taj Mahal
- Taj Mahal, Delhi
Answer: Korea, Agra
Descriptive Questions of NCERT Class 11 Introduction to the Tourism Industry
In the forthcoming section, you will get the descriptive questions and answers for introduction to the tourism industry chapter of class 11.
What do you understand by tourism?
The word tourism is derived from the French word Turisme, which literally means to Tour and travel.
Tourism is the process of temporary movement of humans from one point to another and returning to the point of origin of travel.
It is a phenomenon related to tour and travelling to a particular area, locality, sites, places, etc. But travelling without any reason for temporary stay is not termed as tourism. It is something about people who travel away from their familiar home environment for many reasons.
Some Definitions of Tourism
Tourism is defined by the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) as “the activities of persons travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes.”
As per the Tourism Society of United Kingdom, “Tourism is the temporary movement of people to destination outside of the places where they normally live and work, and their activities during their stay at these destinations.”
Q.No.2. why do you think people travel? what is the purpose of travel?
The purpose of travel can be broadly classified in to the following given categories.
1, Personal or Leisure: This category includes the tourists and visitors who travel to destinations with a reason to spend time to get enjoyment and entertainment.
The main purpose of travel under this category may be:
- Holidays, leisure and recreation
- Visiting Friends and Relatives (VFRs)
- Study or Education and training
- Health and medical care
- Religion and pilgrimages
- Other purposes like sports, etc.
2, Business or Professional: These are the visitors who travel to destinations with a reason to work and spend time to get optional enjoyment and entertainment. For example, travel for business meetings, conventions, conferences, seminars, any special missions, etc.
Q.No.3. Define the following:
1, Tourist: A tourist is a person, who visits a place other than one’s home. The person is a temporary visitor, who stays for at least 24 hours at the place visited. The person has an agenda, a certain time limit to see and do some activities.
2, Excursionist: An Excursionist is a temporary visitor, staying less than twenty-four hours in the destination visited and not staying overnight.
3, Traveller: A traveller is a person, who covers a reasonably large distance within or outside one‘s country of residence. The person arrives with no to-do list, roams around a place and mingles with local residents. Such a person tries to immerse in the local culture rather than standing out. A traveller may consider one‘s trip a journey rather than a vacation.
4, Visitor: Any person travelling to a place other than that of his/her usual residence for less than 12 months and whose main purpose of trip is other than the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited. Visitors stay more than twenty four hours and less than one month. Visitors do not involve in any earning activity.
5, Tourist Destination: Destination is a tourist place which the tourist visits and stays at for at least 24 hours. The destination supports staying facilities, entertainment, and other resources, such as transportation, lodging, etc. A destination is defined as ‘a country, state, region, city or town which is marketed or markets itself as a place for tourists to visit’.
Q.No.4. Explain the WTO Classification for traveller.
WTO classifies the travellers into the following categories;
- Recreation Tourists.
- Holiday Tourists
- Leisure Tourists
- Student Tourists
- Religious Tourists
- Adventure Tourist
- Business Tourist
- Health or Medical Tourist
Multiple Choice Questions
1. A traveller who participates in the Char DhamYatra is a______.
- Religious tourist
- Adventure tourist
Answer: Religious tourist
2. A company representative visited Agra for taking part in a conference along with sightseeing;the tourism activity comes under the category of __________________.
(a) MICE Tourism
(b) Business Tourism
(c) Adventure Tourism
(d) Cultural Tourism
3. If Mr. Dinesh from India goes to America to visit New York City. This activity comes under ________.
- Inbound Tourism
- Domestic Tourism
- Outbound Tourism
- Regional Tourism
Answer; Outbound tourism
4. An Eco-Tourist is interested in visiting a destination where there is a____________.
- Rich wildlife wealth
- Dense forest
- Historical monument
- Relatively unspoilt natural environment
Answer: Relatively unspoilt natural environment.
5. Participation and visit in Fair and Festivals is an example of ______.
- Alternative Tourism
- Mass Tourism
- Sustainable Tourism
Answer: Mass tourism
List out the various forms of tourisms along with two examples of destination where they are prevalent within India.
The United Nations in its Recommendations on Tourism Statistics‘ in 1994, has classified the tourism into the following categories;
(I) Domestic Tourism: This is a type of tourism in which the tourist travels within the country and visits the places or areas other than where he lives or works. For travel within one‘s own country, no travel documents or papers are required.
(II) International Tourism: International tourism is related to travel to a place other than one‘s own country with a different economic and political system and requires essential travel documents to cross the frontiers.
International tourism can be further classified into two types as following:
(a) Inbound Tourism: When a tourist or resident of one country enters and visits any other country, then he is an Inbound tourist to the visiting country
(b) Outbound Tourism: Outbound tourism is related to the residents travelling to another country. A tourist leaving his own country of residence and moving out to another country is known as an Outbound tourist‘ to the leaving country.
Differentiate between Inbound and Outbound Tourism
Inbound: In the simplest terms, inbound tourism occurs when a foreigner or non-resident visits a particular country. on the other hand Outbound tourism occurs when a resident of a particular country leaves it in order to visit another country
Differentiate between Eco-tourism and Wildlife Tourism
Eco-tourism is responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people.
Wildlife Tourism can broadly be defined as travelling to destinations with the main purpose being to observe the local fauna.
Explain why these days alternative tourism is being promoted instead of mass tourism. Give examples to support your answer.
Alternative tourism is being promoted instead of mass tourism because of various reasons.
Alternative tourism is a kind of tourism, where tourists like to do things differently.
Instead of using special tourist accommodation and facilities, they prefer to use or share the services of local population.
Tourist prefers alternatives because they are concerned about the negative impact, which mass tourism can have on a destination.
Define adventure tourism and briefly explain the various activities which are included in it.
Adventure tourism is defined as the movement of the people from one to another place outside their comfort zone for exploration or travel to remote areas, exotic and possibly hostile areas.
It contains a certain degree of risk, thrill and a concept of expecting the unexpected. It involves the activities that require significant efforts, along with adventure sports like rock climbing, trekking, bungee jumping, sky-diving, hiking, heli-skiing, surfing, rafting, or skiing, etc.
Explain the role of Culinary Tourism in India.
The tourism potential of India lies not only in its rich culture and heritage but also in its gastronomy which is a mélange of spices and flavors.
Culinary or food tourism is becoming increasingly popular among international tourists. The unmatched variety of traditional Indian cuisines with their flavors, spices and curries are becoming increasingly popular among international tourists giving the country a chance to capitalize on its ancient culinary traditions.
The market for culinary tourism to India is growing as the country‘s culinary traditions continue to gain increasing international attention.
Fill in the blanks.
1. The ____________may offer natural attractions like sunshine, scenic beauty and supporting facilities.
2. The _____________is a highly developed industry with its various branches in the ar eas of road, rail, air and water.
3. The _____________play a vital role in tourism as a tourist feels comfortable when the
Essence of culture is explained.
4. Five A‘s of tourism include _____________, ____________, ____________,
_______________ and _______________
Answers: 1. Holiday Destinations 2. Tourism 3.Guide Service 4.Attraction.
Accommodation, Accessibility, Amenities and Activities
B. Subjective Questions
Explain the primary and secondary constituents of tourism?
The constituents of Tourism Industry may be classified into two categories:
(1) Primary /major constituents and (2) Secondary constituents.
Primary /major constituents: The primary constituents of tourism industry are as follows:
Transport/Accessiblity: It is an essential constituent of tourism. A mode of transport needed to move from one place to another. There can be no travel if there is no transport. A tourist in order to get to his destination needs some mode of transport.
Transport can be categorized into three types:
- Air transport
- Surface transport (Railways and Roadways)
- Water transport or ocean transport
Accommodation: A tourist not only travels but also needs to stay somewhere. It might be of different types, i.e., from cottages or tourist lodges to a house boat or a five star hotel. To qualify as a tourist one needs to spend 24 hours at the destination so accommodation becomes one of the major component of tourism.
Attractions: Tourist attractions are the places of interest, typically for its inherent or exhibit cultural value, historical significance, natural or built beauty, or amusement opportunities.
It can be divided into two broad categories:
- Natural attractions like Wildlife, waterfalls, mountains, beaches, landscapes, etc.
- Man-made attractions like Ancient monuments, museums, art galleries, theme parks and cultural centers, etc.
‘Accommodation is an important component of tourism industry.’ Justify.
Accommodation is a fundamental requirement for tourists who stay overnight in a locality and it comprises a significant sector of the tourism industry. Visit to a particular destination requires an adequate and sufficient accommodation for tourists in that area.
Inadequate and insufficient accommodation causes inconvenience to the tourist and may result in adverse publicity leading to poor response from the present and potential customers.
Hotels, resorts, lodges, motels, rest houses are to be built for attracting all classes of tourists.
The other significant feature of accommodation is the provision of food. As any tourist destination attracts diverse customers with different food tastes and preferences, it is essential to bring uniformity in the offerings to satisfy diverse interests of the tourist.
Accommodation is of following types:
1, Hotel: A hotel can be defined as an establishment whose primary purpose is to provide accommodation services to a bonafide traveler and other services such as food & beverage services, house-keeping services, laundry services and uniform services.
2, Motel: The word ―motel is formed by merging two words motor‘ and hotel‘. They are located primarily on highways and provide modest lodgings to highway travelers.
3, Resort: Hotels that are located at tourist destinations such as hill stations, sea beaches, and countryside are referred to as resort hotels. These hotels have a very calm and natural ambience and they are mostly away from cities and are located in pollution-free environs.
4, Timeshare Hotels: Time share hotel is a hotel that is jointly owned by people who use it at different times. There the residents are also part owners who have brought the right to use a particular unit for one specific week or fortnight every year.
5, Condominium Hotel: Condominium hotels are those which are owned by a single owner who might use it for some part of the year and rent it out for the remainder of the year.
What are the five A`s of the tourism industry. Illustrate with examples.
The five A’s of tourism industry are Accommodation, Attraction, Accessibility, Amenities and Activities.
While considering your proposed tourism business idea one needs to consider whether it addresses each of the five A‘s of tourism or not.
All of these add up to the creation of a successful tourism destination and a successful tourism business. These represent the essential requirements for successful tourism, and they are discussed below;
1. Attractions: Tourist attractions are the places of interest, typically for its inherent or exhibit cultural value, historical significance, natural or built beauty, or amusement opportunities.
It can be divided into two broad categories:
(a) Natural attractions Wildlife, waterfalls, mountains, beaches, landscapes, etc.
(b) Man-made attractions like Ancient monuments, museums, art galleries, theme parks and cultural centers, etc
2. Accessibility: Tourists wanting to visit attractions require adequate access to reach the destination. There can be various forms of modes of accessibility like aircrafts, boats, cars etc.
There should be accessibility for each tourist location. In the adventure treks, where the trekker walks, a developed tourism factor would be a local guide or a domesticated animal for transportation.
3, Accommodation: If an overnight stay is required during the trip, a need for accommodation at or near the attraction, or on the way to the attractions would be convenient. This place should also cater to food along with shelter at affordable prices.
4, Amenities: These are the the basic facilities provided to the travellers or tourists at the destinations‘. These can include shops, restaurants, cafes, public transport, tourist information and public toilets
5. Activities: A visitor would need to engage in some activity to keep busy and feel entertained. A variety of activities can be turned into tourism businesses and can be grouped into land or water based activities such as wildlife, bird watching, trekking, kayaking, rafting, cycling, gliding, etc. However, most will need an operating license and conform to the safety of the user.
A. Multiple Choice Questions
1. _______________is one of the secondary constituents of tourism.
(a) Accommodation (b) Accessibility (c) Shops and entertainment (d) Amenities
2. Casino is illegal in ____________.
(a) Goa (b) Daman (c) Maharashtra (d) Sikkim
3. Infrastructure facilities at the destination come under the_____________________ component
(a) Accommodation (b) Attraction (c) Accessibility (d) Amenities
4. Activities at Easel World can be categorized as __________________in nature.
(a) Leisure (b) amusement (c) relaxing (d) retiring
Answers: 1. (c) 2. (c) 3. (d) 4. (b)
B. Subjective Questions
What do you mean by Heritage walks?
Heritage walk is a tool to explore the unexplored and neglected richness of the country. It plays an important role for the development of history and character of the city through generating interests and involvement of the local community in the urban conservation activity.
What do you mean by Spa Tourism?
Spa tourism is part of the wellness tourism in which the experience is associated with activities that involve health improvement through hydrotherapy or balneotherapy. The International SPA Association defines spa as a place devoted to overall wellbeing through a variety of professional services that encourage the renewal of mind, body, and spirit.
What do you mean by Heritage walks?
A casino is a facility which houses and accommodates various types of gambling activities. The industry that deals in casinos is called the gaming industry. Casinos are most commonly built near or combined with hotels, restaurants, retail shopping, cruise ships or other tourist attractions.
Write about any one museum or art gallery of your choice in India?
The National Museum in New Delhi, also known as the National Museum of India, is one of the largest museums in India.
Established in 1949, it holds a variety of articles ranging from pre-historic era to modern works of art. It functions under the Ministry of Culture, Government of India. The museum is situated on Jan path.
The blue–print of the National Museum had been prepared by the Gayer Committee set up by the Government of India in 1946. The museum has around 200,000 works of art, mostly Indian, but some of foreign origin, covering over 5,000 years. It also houses the National Museum Institute of History of Art, Conservation and Musicology on the first floor which was established in 1983 and has been to be a university since 1989, and runs Master‘s and Doctoral level courses in art history, conservation and musicology.
Define wildlife Tourism Explain its importance with reference to any one national park in India.
Wildlife tourism is observation and interaction with local animal and plant life in their natural habitats. While it can include eco-and animal-friendly tourism, safari hunting and similar high-intervention activities also fall under the umbrella of wildlife tourism.
Wildlife tourism, in its simplest sense, is interacting with wild animals in their natural habitat, either by active means (e.g. hunting/collection) or by passive means (e.g. watching/photography).
Jim Corbett National Park
Jim Corbett National Park, which is a part of the larger Corbett Tiger Reserve, a Project Tiger Reserve lies in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand. The magical landscape of Corbett is well known and fabled for its tiger richness. Established in the year 1936 as Hailey National Park, Corbett has the glory of being India’s oldest and most prestigious National Park. It is also being honored as the place where Project Tiger was first launched in 1973. This unique tiger territory is best known as the father who gave birth of the Project Tiger in India to protect the most endangered species and the Royal of India called Tigers.
what are the various biosphere reserves in India?
Biosphere reserves consist of terrestrial and coastal ecosystems trying to promote solutions for the conservation of biodiversity by means of sustainable use. There are variousbiosphere reserves in India. Some important are given below;
o Cold Desert, Himachal Pradesh
o Nanda Devi, Uttrakhand
o Khangchendzonga, Sikkim
o Dehang-Debang, Arunachal Pradesh
o Manas, Assam
o Dibru-Saikhowa, Assam
o Nokrek, Meghalaya
o Panna, Madhya Pradesh
o Pachmarhi, Madhya Pradesh
Write about the Indian souvenirs that attract tourists.
A souvenir (from French, meaning “a remembrance), memento, keepsake, or token of remembrance is an object a person acquires for the memories the owner associates with it.
A souvenir can be any object that can be collected or purchased and transported home by the traveler as a memento of a visit. If you are embarking on a voyage in India, these famous souvenirs are what you must kitty in. The colorful country of India has a legacy in paintings and other canvas related artwork.
• Authentic Indian curry powder.
• Assam silk.
• Kondapalli toys.
• Kashmiri carpets.
So, these were Introduction to the Tourism Industry Notes, for Class 11 vocational course. We are sure that you will share these notes with your friends.
Also Check: List of firsts in India